土耳其卡赞碱矿对接井水溶开采技术创新综述
投稿时间:2020-05-19  修订日期:2020-07-14  点此下载全文
引用本文:刘汪威,涂运中,刘海翔,张新刚,林修阔.土耳其卡赞碱矿对接井水溶开采技术创新综述[J].探矿工程(岩土钻掘工程),2020,47(8):14-23.
LIU Wangwei,TU Yunzhong,LIU Haixiang,ZHANG Xingang,LIN Xiukuo. Review on innovative techniques for solution mining with intersected well sets at Kazan Trona Mine in Turkey[J]. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2020,47(8):14-23.
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作者单位E-mail
刘汪威 中国地质科学院勘探技术研究所河北 廊坊 065000 liuww88@qq.com 
涂运中 中国地质科学院勘探技术研究所河北 廊坊 065000  
刘海翔 中国地质科学院勘探技术研究所河北 廊坊 065000  
张新刚 中国地质科学院勘探技术研究所河北 廊坊 065000  
林修阔 中国地质科学院勘探技术研究所河北 廊坊 065000  
基金项目:中国地质调查局地质调查项目“土耳其卡赞贝帕扎里天然碱矿探采方法技术合作”(编号:DD2019090602)
中文摘要:土耳其卡赞碱矿钻井项目主要利用高精度中靶技术使定向水平井与垂直井在碱层中对接后进行水溶开采的方法。该项目通过长期大量的钻井工作,在已有的钻井技术与地质条件基础上,改进完善了与地层相适应的钻井技术,建立了矿区三维地质模型,设计应用了水平分支对接井,优化了钻井轨迹设计,建立起非矿层与矿层的基准物探测井响应曲线,探索出矿区地层致斜机理及相应钻井防斜措施,研究并应用了各种井底钻具组合与设备,采用了提高水平钻井轨迹控制精度的技术方法。上述多种水溶采矿钻井技术创新措施的应用,提高了矿山规划能力、降低了施工成本、提高了资源回采率、缩短了施工工期、降低了劳动强度、提高了钻进效率、减少了施工用地以及对环境的破坏。可为天然碱矿及可溶性矿产的整体矿山规划,以及钻井水溶采矿技术的提高提供借鉴。
中文关键词:天然碱矿  水溶开采  对接井  定向钻探技术  水平分支井  三维地质模型  防斜措施  井底钻具组合  钻井轨迹控制  技术创新  土耳其卡赞碱矿
 
Review on innovative techniques for solution mining with intersected well sets at Kazan Trona Mine in Turkey
Abstract:Solution mining of Kazan Trona Mine in Turky is realized by the intersected well set, which is formed by drilling of one horizontal well to intersect one or more vertical wells with help of the high accuracy target hitting guidance system. On the basis of the previous long term experience, the existing drilling techniques and geological characteristics of the mine, a series of innovative drilling techniques have been developed for the purpose of better exploiting the mine, including the strata specific drilling techniques, the 3D geological model for the mine, the design and application of intersected wells with horizontal branches, the optimization of the horizontal well trajectory design, the setting up of the standard geophysical logging response curves for the ore and non ore ledges, the deviation control methods based on the study on the formation deflecting mechanism, proper combination of various BHAs, the technique to improve control of the horizontal drilling trajectory, etc. A lot of benefits have been achieved by the application of these techniques, such as the improvement of the planned productivity of the mine, reduced well construction cost, enhanced recovery of the trona resources, decreased construction period, raised drilling efficiency, and minimum impact on environment. The innovative techniques can be referred as a guide for the planning of trona or other soluble mines, and for the construction of intersected well sets.
keywords:trona mine  solution mining  intersected well set  directional drilling technology  horizontal branch well  3D geological modelling  deviation control method  BHA  drilling trajectory control  innovative techniques  Kazan Trona Mine in Turkey
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