极地冰钻关键技术研究进展
投稿时间:2020-02-03  修订日期:2020-02-03  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
张楠 吉林大学建设工程学院 znan@jlu.edu.cn 
王亮 吉林大学建设工程学院  
Pavel Talalay 吉林大学建设工程学院  
范晓鹏 吉林大学建设工程学院  
王如生 吉林大学建设工程学院  
杨阳 吉林大学建设工程学院  
洪嘉琳 吉林大学建设工程学院  
宫达 吉林大学建设工程学院  
孙友宏 吉林大学建设工程学院  
李院生 中国极地研究中心  
李冰 吉林大学建设工程学院 494435357@qq.com 
基金项目:国家自然科学基金国家重大科研仪器设备研制专项“极地深冰下无钻杆取芯钻探装备”项目(41327804)
中文摘要:极地冰钻技术是获取冰芯,研究冰盖-冰架-海洋相互作用,以及获取极地冰下基岩与冰下水环境样品,开展冰下环境探测与资源调查的重要手段。目前极地冰钻技术的难点与前沿主要包括深冰芯钻探、冰架热水钻、冰下基岩钻和冰下水环境采样与观测技术。本文针对以上四个极地冰钻关键技术,对国内外相关技术的研究进展与项目开展情况进行了总结与梳理。综合来看,虽然我国开展极地钻探技术研究起步较晚,但随着我国极地战略不断推进,我国的极地冰钻关键技术与装备的研究正持续向着赶超极地钻探强国方向迈进,这必将为我国的极地科学研究、资源评估提供强有力的技术支撑。
中文关键词:极地  深冰芯钻探  热水钻探  冰下基岩钻探  冰下环境探测
 
Advance of Research on Key Technology of Ice Drilling in Polar Regions
Abstract:Ice drilling technologies in Polar Regions are the crucial means of obtaining the ice core to research the interaction of Polar ice sheet, ice shelf, and ocean, and obtaining subglacial bedrock core and water sample to explore the subglacial environment and survey the geological resource. At present, the difficulties and frontiers of Polar ice drilling technology mainly include deep ice core drilling, ice shelf hot water drilling, subglacial bedrock drilling and subglacial environment sampling and observation technology. In view of the above four key technologies of Polar ice drilling, this paper summarizes and sorts out the research progress and project development of related technologies in China and abroad. In general, the research on Polar drilling technology started late in China, but the research on the key technologies and equipment of Polar ice drilling in China is moving towards surpassing the powerful country of Polar drilling, as China"s polar strategy continues to advance. And it will certainly provide a strong technical support for China"s Polar scientific research and resource assessment.
keywords:Polar Regions  deep ice core drilling  hot water drilling, subglacial bedrock drilling  subglacial environment observation
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