煤矿井下智能化钻探装备发展现状及展望
投稿时间:2021-06-30  修订日期:2021-06-30  点此下载全文
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郝世俊 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司陕西 西安 710077 710077
姚克 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司陕西 西安 710077 710077
方鹏 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司陕西 西安 710077 710077
王龙鹏 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司陕西 西安 710077 710077
邬迪 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司陕西 西安 710077 710077
张锐 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司陕西 西安 710077 710077
基金项目:国家科技重大专项课题(编号:2016ZX05045-003)
中文摘要:经过近60年的发展,煤矿坑道钻探装备已经形成满足多种用途、适用于多种钻进孔深要求的多规格、多系列产品,但现有成熟钻探装备主要以全液压驱动和人工操作为主。随着我国煤矿企业在智能化方面建设的大力投入,传统全液压驱动的坑道钻探装备已无法满足当前煤矿智能化发展需要。结合坑道钻探的施工特点,分析了国外典型坑道钻探装备的技术现状和功能特点,以及存在的问题,重点针对国内坑道钻探装备不同施工需求的智能化方面的进展情况进行概述,分别介绍了常规自动化钻机、钻孔机器人、大功率自动化定向钻机、自动化防冲击钻机等方面的研究进展,提出了我国煤矿井下钻探装备智能化建设方面还需解决的关键问题,并通过分步实施方式,加快推进煤矿井下钻探装备的智能化水平。
中文关键词:钻探装备  智能化  防爆控制  远程控制  定向钻进  煤矿
 
Development status and prospect of underground intelligent drilling equipment for coal mines
Abstract:Over 60 years of development, underground drilling equipment for coal mines has been developed in multiple sizes and series which meet the requirements of various purposes and various drilling hole depth. However, the existing proven drilling equipment mainly runs with full hydraulic drive and manual operation. With the great investment in the intelligent construction by China’s coal mining enterprises, the traditional full hydraulic drive underground drilling equipment can not meet the current needs of intelligent development of coal mines. In regard to the construction characteristics of underground drilling, this paper analyzes the technical status and functional characteristics of typical underground drilling equipment abroad, as well as the existing problems, with focus on the progress of domestic underground drilling equipment with different construction requirements in terms of intelligence, and introduces the conventional automatic drilling machine, drilling robot, high-power automatic directional drilling machine. The key problems to be solved in the intelligent construction of underground drilling equipment in China are put forward, and the intelligent level of underground drilling equipment in coal mines is accelerated through the distributed implementation mode.
keywords:drilling equipment  intelligent  explosion proof  remote control  directional drilling  coal mines
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