考虑微观结构的非饱和渗透系数计算公式
投稿时间:2008-12-11    点此下载全文
引用本文:牛文杰,叶为民,陈宝,钱丽鑫.考虑微观结构的非饱和渗透系数计算公式[J].探矿工程(岩土钻掘工程),2009,36(6):34-39.
NIU Wen-jie,YE Wei-min,CHEN Bao,QIAN Li-xin. The Equations of Unsaturated Permeability Considering the Microstructur[J]. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2009,36(6):34-39.
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作者单位E-mail
牛文杰 同济大学地下建筑与工程系 nwj1982@sohu.com、tjengineer1982@sina.com 
叶为民 同济大学地下建筑与工程系  
陈宝 同济大学地下建筑与工程系  
钱丽鑫 同济大学地下建筑与工程系  
中文摘要:分维理论是预测非饱和渗透系数的一种常用方法。在对有侧限条件下高庙子膨润土的非饱和渗透系数的试验结果分析后,发现分维理论并不适用,其缺陷在于不能够反映膨润土这种特殊粘土在水化过程中的微观结构变化。因为膨润土是一种纳米材料,其小孔隙和大孔隙分布在水化过程中都会发生变化,而一般性粘土和砂土没有这种特殊的物理化学特性。结合Kozeny-Carman关于多孔介质的半经验公式,提出了半经验-半理论的考虑微结构的膨润土的非饱和渗透系数计算公式。在对高庙子膨润土的扫描电镜试验和压汞试验资料分析的基础上,定性验证了所提出公
中文关键词:膨润土  分维理论  微观结构变化  非饱和渗透系数  侧限条件
 
The Equations of Unsaturated Permeability Considering the Microstructur
Abstract:The fractal theory is a common method to predict the unsaturated permeability. But the theory can not be used in the computing of unsaturated permeability of Gaomiaozi bentonite in confined condition. The microstructure of bentonite changed a lot in the saturation process, and this phenomenon can not be reflected in the equations of fractal theory. The micro pores and macro pores of bentonite changed a lot in the saturation process which is different with the common sand or clay. With the consideration of Kozeny-Carman equation, a semiempirical-semitheorytical unsaturated permeability equation considering the microstructure of bentonite has been proposed based on the SEM test and MIP test of Gaomiaozi bentonite. The new equation was used in the analysis of unsaturated permeability of Gaomiaozi bentonite in the confined condition.
keywords:bentonite  fractal theory  microstructure change  equations of unsaturated permeability  confined condition
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