基于Workbench的声频钻机动力头隔振特性分析
投稿时间:2021-10-13  修订日期:2022-02-17  点此下载全文
引用本文:马志鹏,王瑜,吴浩,等.基于Workbench的声频钻机动力头隔振特性分析[J].钻探工程,2022,49(3):60-69.
MA Zhipeng,WANG Yu,WU Hao,et al. Analysis of vibration isolation characteristics of the sonic drill power head based on Workbench[J]. Drilling Engineering, 2022,49(3):60-69.
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作者单位E-mail
马志鹏 中国地质大学(北京)自然资源部深部地质钻探技术重点实验室北京100083 2503895440@qq.com 
王瑜 中国地质大学(北京)自然资源部深部地质钻探技术重点实验室北京100083 wangyu203@cugb.edu.cn 
吴浩 中国地质大学(北京)自然资源部深部地质钻探技术重点实验室北京100083
中煤地第二勘探局集团有限责任公司北京102488 
 
孔令镕 中国地质大学(北京)自然资源部深部地质钻探技术重点实验室北京100083  
孙允旺 中国地质大学(北京)自然资源部深部地质钻探技术重点实验室北京100083  
刘宝林 中国地质大学(北京)自然资源部深部地质钻探技术重点实验室北京100083  
基金项目:国家重点研发计划“场地土壤污染成因与治理技术”专项课题“多分支水平井导向钻进与精准注入机具研制”(编号:2018YFC1802404);国家自然科学基金面上项目“声频振动钻进系统共振机理及能量传递规律研究”(编号:41672366)
中文摘要:声频动力头的隔振是保证其能否安全稳定工作的关键,本文基于单自由度系统有阻尼受迫振动理论建立了动力头隔振机构受迫振动模型,发现隔振橡胶刚度k、阻尼c以及施加外部激励力频率w等是影响动力头隔振性能的主要因素;在此基础上建立动力头的动力学模型,对其进行振动特性仿真研究。研究结果显示,动力头的隔振传递率与外部施加的激励力频率成正比,与隔振弹簧刚度成反比,与隔振弹簧阻尼成正比,且当弹簧刚度增大到一定值时,隔振传递率趋于定值。因此在实际工作时,可通过适当提高外部激励频率,隔振弹簧选择刚度较小、阻尼较大的橡胶材料等方法,以提高动力头隔振性能。研究结论可为设定声频钻机工作频率、优化设计动力头隔振机构等提供参考。
中文关键词:声频振动钻进  动力头  隔振特性  仿真研究  瞬态分析
 
Analysis of vibration isolation characteristics of the sonic drill power head based on Workbench
Abstract:Vibration isolation of the sonic power head of is the key to ensure whether it can work safely and stably. In this paper, the forced vibration model of the power head isolation mechanism is established based on the damped forced vibration theory of the single-degree-freedom system, and it is found that the rubber stiffness k, damping c and frequency w of the external excitation force are the main factors affecting the vibration isolation performance of the power head. On this basis, the dynamic model of the power head is established to simulate its vibration characteristics. The results show that the vibration isolation transfer rate of the power head is proportional to the frequency of the external excitation force, inversely proportional to the stiffness of the vibration isolation spring, and proportional to the damping of the vibration isolation spring. When the stiffness of the spring increases to a certain value, the vibration isolation transfer rate tends to a constant value. Therefore, in practice, the vibration isolation performance of the power head can be improved by appropriately increasing the external excitation frequency and choosing rubber material with low stiffness and large damping for the vibration isolation spring. The conclusions can provide reference for setting the working frequency of the sonic drill and optimizing the vibration isolation mechanism of the power head.
keywords:sonic vibration drilling  power head  vibration isolation characteristics  simulation study  transient analysis
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